Also known as Hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) in Canada, renewable diesel (RD) in the US, and hydrogenated vegetable oil (HVO) or green diesel in Europe, Renewable Hydrocarbon Diesel can be produced from various biomass source and is fully compatible with existing engines and infrastructure.

Feedstock & Technologies

Other Renewable Hydrocarbon Fuels (RHF) include Coprocessed Renewable Diesel, Coprocessed Renewable Gasoline, and Sustainable Aviation Fuel. The type of RHF produced depends on the technology and feedstocks. RHD meets CGSB and ASTM petroleum diesel specifications.

RHD can be produced from vegetable oil, animal tallow, cooking oil residues, and other fats and vegetable oils and residues. Producing RHD involves hydrogenating triglycerides to remove metals and compounds with oxygen and nitrogen using existing refinery infrastructure.

While sector growth is principally focused on RHD production, these facilities generally also produce a smaller portion of gasoline grade blendstocks (such as renewable naphtha) and can continue processing RD to upgrade to SAF quality specifications.

Applications

RHD can be substituted for or blended in varying proportions with petroleum-based diesel without modifying vehicle engines or fueling infrastructure. As a result of zero aromatics in RHD, blending levels of 20-30% have been the norm in Canada, but ‘RD100’ refers to the use of pure RHD in some fleets. Removal of certain compounds in the refining can produce RHD of comparable low temperature operability as that of diesel.